AstraZeneca’s Brilinta (ticagrelor) has been approved in the US to reduce the risk of a first heart attack or stroke in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), the most common type of heart disease.
The approval was based on positive results from the Phase III THEMIS trial.
The trial showed a statistically significant reduction in the primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events at 36 months with aspirin plus Brilinta 60mg versus aspirin alone in patients with CAD and type-2 diabetes (T2D) at high-risk of a first heart attack or stroke.
The primary composite endpoint was driven by a reduction in heart attack and stroke.
This is the first regulatory approval for aspirin plus Brilinta dual antiplatelet therapy in patients who have a high CV risk, but without a history of heart attack or stroke.
“This new indication is a further testament to the overwhelming science supporting Brilinta in the management of patients with coronary artery disease at high risk for cardiovascular events,” said Ruud Dobber, Executive Vice President of AstraZeneca’s BioPharmaceuticals Business Unit.
The THEMIS trial demonstrated the relative risk reduction of the composite endpoint of heart attack, stroke and CV death by 10% (absolute risk reduction; 0.8%, 7.7% vs 8.5%) with aspirin plus long-term Brilinta compared to aspirin alone in patients who had CAD and T2D without a history of heart attack or stroke.
While this indication is not limited to this setting, the efficacy of Brilinta was established in a population with T2D in the THEMIS trial. The safety profile for Brilinta was consistent with the known profile of the medicine with an increased risk of bleeding events observed.