The European Commission (EC) has granted marketing authorization for Jazz Pharmaceuticals’ Enrylaze (JZP458; a recombinant Erwinia asparaginase or crisantaspase) for use as a component of a multi-agent chemotherapeutic regimen for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) in adult and pediatric patients (1 month and older) who developed hypersensitivity or silent inactivation to E. coli-derived asparaginase.
Enrylaze, approved as Rylaze in the United States and Canada, is a new Erwinia-derived asparaginase developed using a next-generation recombinant technology with a safety profile consistent with that of other asparaginase preparations.
“Asparaginase is a core component of multi-agent chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of ALL, however, up to 30% of patients develop hypersensitivity to E. coli-derived asparaginase, resulting in a delay or disruption in treatment,” said Professor Carmelo Rizzari, Department of Pediatrics, University of Milano-Bicocca, Head of the Pediatric Hematology Oncology Unit, Foundation IRCCS San Gerardo dei Tintori, Monza, Italy.
“The ability to complete a full course of asparaginase treatment is of critical importance when treating ALL and LBL, as it is strongly linked to improved outcomes for patients. The approval of Enrylaze now provides an important option to support patients in completing their planned asparaginase treatment regimen.”
Enrylaze may be given by both intravenous infusion (IV) and intramuscular injection (IM) and is dosed on either alternate days (every 48 hours) or via a Monday/Wednesday/Friday (MWF) dosing schedule. The use of recombinant technology to manufacture Enrylaze delivers a scalable supply – able to meet global demand, and a ready-to-use solution that avoids the need for reconstitution in the clinic.
“This approval is a testament to Jazz’s commitment to developing an Erwinia-derived asparaginase using innovative recombinant technology to deliver a scalable supply, and we look forward to making Enrylaze available to those who need it,” said Robert Iannone, MD., M.S.C.E., executive vice president, global head of research and development of Jazz Pharmaceuticals.
“Healthcare professionals in the European Union will now have access to a new, recombinant Erwinia-derived asparaginase with multiple dosing and administration options to address their patients’ individual needs, which allows them to complete their treatment program as prescribed.”
The EC approval is based on data from a Phase 2/3 trial conducted in collaboration with the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) in a cohort of 228 pediatric and adult patients with ALL and LBL who have developed hypersensitivity or silent inactivation to E. coli-derived asparaginase. The study was conducted in two parts to assess the IV and IM routes of administration. The determination of efficacy was based on demonstration of the achievement and maintenance of nadir serum asparaginase activity (NSAA) levels ≥ 0.1 U/mL.
The study showed that for the IV administration of JZP458 (a recombinant Erwinia asparaginase or crisantaspase) (25/25/50 mg/m2 MWF), the proportion of patients maintaining NSAA ≥ 0.1 U/mL at 48 hours after a dose was 89.8% (95% CI: 82.1%, 97.5%) and 40% at 72 hours post-dose (95% CI: 26.4%, 53.6%). The IM administration of JZP458 (25/25/50 mg/m2 MWF) achieved sustained asparagine activity in 95.9% of patients at 48 hours after a dose (95% CI: 90.4%, 100.0%) and 89.8% of patients at 72 hours post-dose (95% CI: 81.3%, 98.3%). The other dosing schedules were based on interpolation from pharmacokinetic (PK) and response rates observed with the very similar investigated regimens.
Overall, the safety profile of JZP458 was consistent with the reported safety information for patients with ALL/LBL receiving asparaginase with combination chemotherapy. The most common adverse reactions were anemia, vomiting, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, nausea, febrile neutropenia, fatigue, pyrexia, decreased appetite, transaminase increased, abdominal pain, white blood cell count decreased, headache, diarrhea, and lymphocyte count decreased. The most frequent serious adverse reactions were febrile neutropenia, pyrexia, vomiting, sepsis, medicinal product hypersensitivity, nausea, and pancreatitis.
The European Commission approval extends to all European Union Member States, as well as Iceland, Norway, and Liechtenstein.