The European Commission (EC) has granted marketing authorization for Pfizer’s LORVIQUA® (lorlatinib, available in the U.S. under the brand name LORBRENA®) as monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)- positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously not treated with an ALK inhibitor.
“For more than a decade, Pfizer has worked tirelessly in its pursuit to help transform the trajectory for people living with advanced, biomarker-driven lung cancers,” said Andy Schmeltz, Global President & General Manager, Pfizer Oncology. “The European Commission’s approval of LORVIQUA as a first-line therapy is a significant milestone that we hope will help bring a needed and meaningful difference to those impacted by this deadly disease in Europe.”
The approval for the first-line use of LORVIQUA was based on the results of the pivotal Phase 3 CROWN trial, in which LORVIQUA reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 72% compared to XALKORI® (crizotinib). As a secondary endpoint, the confirmed objective response rate (ORR) was 76% (95% CI, 68 to 83) with LORVIQUA and 58% (95% CI, 49 to 66) with XALKORI. In patients with measurable brain metastases, 82% of patients in the LORVIQUA arm experienced an intracranial response (71% had an intracranial complete response), compared to 23% of XALKORI patients.
The CROWN trial is a randomized, open-label, parallel 2-arm trial in which 296 people with previously untreated advanced ALK-positive NSCLC were randomized 1:1 to receive LORVIQUA monotherapy (n=149) or XALKORI monotherapy (n=147).
“The expanded approval for LORVIQUA in Europe is a considerable advancement – especially for the close to 40 percent of patients with ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC who are faced with brain metastases at diagnosis,” said Professor Benjamin Solomon, MBBS, PhD., Department of Medical Oncology at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne, Australia. “It is exciting to see the significant data generated from the CROWN trial continuing to support expanded use around the world and providing physicians in Europe with a highly effective option from the onset of their patients’ treatment journey.”
The EC approval of LORVIQUA follows a positive opinion from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) in December 2021. LORVIQUA is approved in the U.S. by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the brand name LORBRENA for the treatment of adults with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors are ALK-positive as detected by an FDA-approved test.
In 2019, the EC granted conditional marketing authorization for LORVIQUA as a monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with ALK-positive advanced NSCLC whose disease has progressed after alectinib or ceritinib as the first ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, or crizotinib and at least one other ALK TKI.